Object is the base of the idea of Object Oriented Programming. Object is the mapping of real world objects or resources in to the digital paradigm.
Ruby is a true object oriented language because everything in Ruby is an object. Objects are the first-class citizens of the Ruby world. Even language constructs such as classes, instance variables, methods and modules are also objects. They live in a system known as Object Model. What do you think an object is? It’s just a bunch of instance variables, plus a link to a class.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 # numbers are objects num = 1 num.object_id chr = 'a' chr.object_id # classes are also objects class.object_id # Even methods are objects method = num.method(:times) method.object_id # operators are also objects # actually they are methods defined in an object and which are also objects # see all the methods `num.methods` plus = num.method(:+) plus.object_id
So basically, Object Model is a world or system where all these language constructs live together. Object Model is where you will find answers to the questions like “which class does this method come from?” , “what happens when I inherit this class?” and “what instance variables does this object have?”
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 class A; end class B < A; end B = B.new B.class B.ancestors B.superclass # modules do not fall in `superclass` # which class does this method come from? class A def new_method print “new method” end end class B < A; end b= B.new b.new_method > b.method :new_method => #<Method: B(A)#new_method> “what instance variables does this object have?” b.instance_variables # 
Introduction to Class
The object’s methods don’t live in the object—they live in the object’s class, where they’re called the instance methods of the class.
What’s a class?
It’s just an object (an instance of Class), plus a list of
instance methods and a link to a superclass. Class is a subclass of
Module, so a class is also a
Like any object, a class has its own methods, such as new( ) and other you define. These are instance methods of the Class class. They are also called class-methods. You define these methods using
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 # reference class A # this method is local to this particular class # other descendants of the Class class don’t have it # this is singleton method def self.some_method print “some method” end end A.singleton_methods # [:some_method] A.some_method a=A.new a.some_method # is not defined
Also like any object, classes must be accessed through references. You already have a constant reference to each class i.e. the class’s name.
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Shiva Bhusal (CTO) 0 Min. Read Feb 16, 2020